Dental Implants Athens GA – Bone grafting is a procedure that replaces bone in areas where the natural bone has deteriorated. When considering dental implants, Dr. Matthew McRae Jr. in Athens, GA will assess the bone density in your jaw to determine if there is a sufficient amount bone to support the implants.
Bone loss in the jaw is common when one or more teeth are missing.
Teeth stimulate the jaw bone. Without stimulation from the teeth, the jaw bone begins to deteriorate. In some cases, the bone may have deteriorated too much for an implant to be placed. In this instance, Dr. McRae may recommend a bone grafting procedure.
There are three distinct types of bone grafting procedures. These procedures include autogenous grafts, allografts, and xenografts.
An autogenous graft uses bone from an area of the patient’s own body. Typically, bone is taken from a nonessential part such as the chin and placed at the location being restored. Autogenous grafts hold several benefits over the other types of bone grafting procedures. The bone is taken from the patient, lessening the risk of rejection or infection, and the bone still contains active cellular material.
An allograft uses bone from a bone bank instead of from the patient. The bone in this type of graft is human bone, usually donated cadaver bone. The materials used in this procedure are carefully screened and considered very safe.
Xenografts use bone from nonhuman sources. The bone used in this procedure is usually bovine, or cow. Allografts or xenografts are sometimes preferred because they do not require a second surgical site on the patient and ample amounts of bone can be taken for the procedure.
During the procedure, a local anesthetic will be used to numb the area where incisions will be made. In the instance of an autogenous graft, two areas will be numbed: the area to be restored and the area for bone removal.
The bone used for augmentation, whether it is your own, from a donor, or bovine, is anchored into the jaw bone using small titanium screws. Dr. McRae may also use a mixture of your bone marrow and bone grafting material around the area to speed the healing process. The incision is then closed with stitches.
Dr. McRae will give you a diet to follow, and possibly antibiotics and medication for pain. Bone grafts typically take six to nine months to heal, after which your dental implants can be placed.
Even if you have experienced bone loss, dental implants may still be a viable option to replace your missing teeth. For more information about bone grafting or dental implants in Athens, GA, call the office of Dr. McRae today!